Security and Defense as a result of democracy. Since everything is the military a civilian’s position is inadequate for recognizing threats to security. The Security does not priorities the threats or offer a comprehensive solution or direct focus to the security apparatus in accordance with the challenges and threats that it may identify to the security is the key text providing a comprehensive analysis of the strategies and laws Used by democracies to deal with security challenges as well as relevant moral, social, and political Dilemmas. The military should no longer be the primary concern for internal security; instead, the interior and defence ministries should play a key role in governing Pakistan’s security sector.
Security Challenges in Pakistan 2020 and 2021
Additionally, there were five suicide bombings in 2021. These assaults, carried out by various nationalist insurgent, religiously motivated militant, and violent sectarian organizations, resulted in 335 fatalities and 555 injuries, a rise of 52% from the number of victims in attacks of this type in 2020. The aggregate total of the 128 terrorist acts by religiously motivated militant organizations, such as the Tehreek-e-(TTP), local Taliban factions, and Islamic State Khorasan (IS-K), etc., is up from 95 in the previous year, which resulted in 236 fatalities and 278 injuries. 77 assaults were carried out by the various Balochi and Sindhi nationalist rebel organizations, compared to 44 similar incidents in 2020 that resulted in 97 fatalities and 255 injuries. Meanwhile, as many lives as possible were lost in two sectarian-related terrorist acts in 2021, compared to seven in 2020, injuring an additional 22 people. The terrorist attacks of 2021 resulted in significant casualties for members of the security forces and law enforcement agencies, including 177 fatalities and 218 injuries; those killed included 65 army officials, 53 police officers, 48 FC members, 6 Levies, 4 unidentified paramilitary soldiers, and a Rangers official. In these attacks, 126 individuals perished and 328 others were injured.
In the meanwhile, security forces fired back in retaliation after certain strikes, killing 32 terrorists and injuring nine more. In In their strikes in 2021, the terrorists struck a variety of targets across over 22 kinds, as opposed to 17 the year before. They regularly targeted the security forces. Approximately 137, or more than 66 percent, of the 207 terrorist incidents reported in 2021 targeted law enforcement and security people, vehicles, and stations. In the meanwhile, it appears that 16 attacks injured civilians. Twenty-two different sorts of targets were attacked by terrorists in the year prior in 2021. They regularly targeted security forces. As much as 137, or more than 66 percent, of the 207 terrorist acts reported in 2021 were directed towards the personnel vehicles and locations of security and law enforcement organizations. 16 assaults reportedly injured civilians. In nine assaults, the terrorists targeted pro-government tribesmen and peace committee members. In seven attacks, they targeted political leaders’ staffers. In three attacks, they attacked state institutions and Shia and Sunni community members, among intermittent other targets. 197 people were killed overall, compared to 146 in 2020, and 13 more were wounded.
The security forces focused heavily on North and South Waziristan in KP as well as Mustang in Balochistan, where they killed a total of 97 terrorists there. In 34 operations carried out by the in these three districts, 14 army personnel and 2 FC personnel also lost their lives. In addition, six armed conflicts and contacts with militants occurred, compared to 15 similar occurrences in six areas of the country the year before. These incidents included security and law enforcement organizations. These armed battles and encounters resulted in the deaths of 15 people—9 militants, 6 troops from the arm and 1 militant. Three of these incidents—or 50%—took place between security forces and TTP militants in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa districts of Waziristan and DI Khan. Two more—also 50%—took place between security forces and BLA and BLF militants in the Balochistan districts of Awaran and Kech. And one such armed confrontation occurred between security forces and TTP militants in the Punjab district of Attack.
Defence Security against Indian attack on 2019
After the Pulwama incident in Jammu and Kashmir, which was ultimately proven to be the work of a local Kashmiri youngster, 22-year-old Adil Ahmed Dar, who resides in Kakapora on the Indian side of Kashmir, India conducted offensive airstrikes close to the town of Balakot in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. This was a few of kilometres inside the province’s border with Kas, which is governed by Pakistan. Pakistan has pledged to furnish trustworthy evidence.
The Indian aircraft were reportedly intercepted by PAF fighter planes, according to the Pakistani military, which made the initial announcement of the airstrike on February 26 in the morning. The Indian plane then dropped its cargo on a deserted hilltop in the vicinity of Balakot that was covered in trees. On February 27, 2019, a standoff between India and Pakistan began. Pakistan launched a counteroffensive by using the codename “Operation Swift Retort” within Indian-controlled Kashmir to strike six targets close to Indian military installations. During the mission in Indian space, Pakistan used electronic jamming, which disrupted the connection between aerial and ground assistance.
To stop the PAF plane from flying over Jammu and Kashmir, the Indian Air Force fired jets. A fierce fight ensued after the intercept, during which a Pakistani aircraft shot down an Indian MiG-21. Six Indian soldiers were piloting a MI-17 helicopter for the Indian Army Aviation department when an Indian air defence system shot it down, killing all occupants as well as the crew.
While simultaneously shooting down a Pakistani F-16, India claimed to have lost merely one aircraft (a MiG-21). Pakistan refuted India’s assertion and asserted that no F-16s had been sent out. Pakistan would later confirm using F16s but would maintain that none of them were shot down. A Sukhoi Su-30 MKI was also claimed to have been shot down by Pakistan, although this claim was refuted by Indian officials.